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Thyroid Gland Diseases and Thyroid Cancer

The thyroid gland is an organ located in the neck that plays a role in regulating body metabolism. Thyroid gland diseases can occur structurally and functionally. Hormone-regulating treatments are primarily applied for functional disorders. General enlargement of the thyroid gland; goiter, and the tubers formed in it are called nodules.

Surgical Treatment Technique in Thyroid Gland Diseases

In benign thyroid gland pathologies where only one side of the thyroid gland has pathology and the other side is completely normal, unilateral intervention will be sufficient. The basic principle is to remove all of the tissue on the side where the operation is performed.

In the surgical treatment of thyroid gland cancers, it is often necessary to perform a total thyroidectomy (removal of the entire thyroid gland). When performed in experienced hands, complications related to the operation (injury of the vocal cords and possible damage to the parathyroid glands, which play an important role in maintaining the body’s calcium balance) are below 1%. In some cases, the lymph nodes on the side of the neck may also need to be removed. After the operation, it is necessary to give the thyroid hormone, which is necessary for the person to maintain his life, as an external medicine. These are very safe drugs and have no significant side effects. They can be used safely by calculating the appropriate dose throughout life.